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The current study was carried out to delineate the effect of cement industry effluent on the two screened varieties of R. communis
(Castor) viz. MSC-55 and Western-6. A number of analyses such as growth parameters, photosynthetic pigment, metal accumulation
and antioxidant enzyme were performed on both the varieties. With respect to T0 (100% tap water), an increase of 86.84, 90.97 and
80.15% was noticed in the fresh weight (FW) of roots of MSC-55 variety at 30, 60 and 90 DAS, respectively, when irrigated with T2 (50%
effluent+50% tap water). The results obtained significantly differed between T0 and T2 and T0 and T4 (at p ≤ 0.05). MSC-55 variety was
observed to contain an increased amount of total chlorophyll and carotenoids up to T2 concentration which declined at higher effluent
concentration i.e., T4 (100% effluent). Increased concentration of Cement Industry Effluent (CIE) enhanced the generation of some
antioxidant compounds like Guaiacol peroxidase (GPX) and Ascorbate peroxidase (APX) in both the varieties up to certain treatment
concentrations viz. MSC-55 and Western-6. As the effluent concentration increased in both the varieties, the amount of malondialdehyde
(MDA) in the leaves and roots also rose. With increasing effluent concentrations, Catalase (CAT) and Superoxide dismutase (SOD)
also increased. MSC-55 variety of R. communis was observed to have a strong antioxidant defence system against CIE and could be
recommended for cultivation during metal-contaminated industrial effluent condition.
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