Bacterial Biofilms - A Therapeutic Challenge

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Dixit K. Parasana
Bhavesh B. Javia
Dhaval T. Fefar
Dilipsinh B. Barad
Sanjay N. Ghodasara
Irsadullakhan H. Kalyani


A bacterial biofilm is a community of bacteria or colony, adhered to a stationary living or non-living surface within a matrix of selfproduced
extracellular polymeric material and microbial cells. Bacterial biofilms can result in nosocomial infections and are typically
harmful in nature. According to the National Institutes of Health (NIH), biofilm formation is the cause of 80% of chronic illnesses and
65% of all microbial infections. Bacterial biofilms exhibit resistance to both the host immune system and antibiotics. Infection linked to
biofilms can result in significant productivity losses for the livestock industry. Treating chronic mastitis with commonly available antibiotics
is exceedingly challenging when it is caused by biofilm-producing Streptococcus spp. and Staphylococcus aureus. Staphylococci that
produce biofilm are important contributors to wound infection because they hinder wound healing, which increases the risk of chronic
infection and subsequent bacterial infection. Additionally, biofilm bacteria may act as zoonotic agents. Therefore, we should try with
alternate management techniques to combat biofilm microorganisms. In this overview, emphasis has given on status of biofilm associated
diseases in animal, zoonotic importance, probable reason for antibiotic resistance and therapeutic approaches against biofilm infections

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How to Cite
Parasana DK, Javia BB, Fefar DT, Barad DB, Ghodasara SN, Kalyani IH. Bacterial Biofilms - A Therapeutic Challenge. IJPE [Internet]. 2022Dec.30 [cited 2023Dec.10];8(04):44-7. Available from:
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