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Several studies have investigated the use of roadside plants in reducing near-road air pollution concentrations since this method is often one of the few short-term options available to reduce near-road air pollution. In addition to air quality and general health benefits, roadside vegetation can improve aesthetics, increase property values, reduce heat, control surface water runoff, and reduce noise pollution (with dense, thick and tall stands). Since roadside vegetation has other potential benefits, the impact of this feature has been of particular interest. Roadside tree planting can make significant improvements to the quality of roads and the environment and can protect key natural resources. Road corridors can be a focus area for the restoration of vegetation cover, as vegetation supports many additional benefits, such as trapping dust and reducing run-off flows. Roadside vegetation may provide an opportunity to reduce nearroad pollutant concentrations in urban areas. This roadside vegetation can include the preservation of existing trees and bushes, as well as planting vegetation, which may constitute some of the few near-term mitigation strategies available for urban developers and facilities already subjected to high pollution levels near roads. This paper describes the field survey of roadside vegetation of different districts of Uttar Pradesh and it was observed that some common species are barriers to control pollution on road side besides covering other the environmental aspects such as control noise pollution, air pollution and maintenance of the ecological balance. It was also observed that the vegetation of Uttar Pradesh consists mostly of shrubs. Forests are generally concentrated in the southern uplands.
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